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IPY-OSC Francisco Fernandoy-46
APECS is an international and interdisciplinary organization for undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, early faculty members, educators and others with interests in Polar Regions and the wider cryosphere. Our aims are to stimulate interdisciplinary and international research collaborations, and develop effective future leaders in polar research, education and outreach. We seek to achieve these aims by:
  • Facilitating international and interdisciplinary networking to share ideas and experiences and to develop new research directions and collaborations;
  • Providing opportunities for professional career development; and
  • Promoting education and outreach as an integral component of polar research and to stimulate future generations of polar researchers.


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Andrey N. Petrov

University of Northern Iowa

Originally presented at:
IPY International Early Career Researcher Symposium, 4-8 December 2009, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

The vast majority of studies in economic geography of talent and creativity have focused on large metropolitan areas and core regions. However, I argue that the creative capital is an equally necessary factor (an agent of economic transformation and revitalization) in the northern frontier. This theoretical account serves as the basis for the empirical study into the economic geography of talent and creative capital in the Canadian North. The paper advances the two-ring-four-sector approach to define the creative class structure. It extends the creative capital metrics to measure four ‘sectors’ of the creative class: scientists (“talent”), leaders, entrepreneurs and bohemia. The empirical part of the paper applies the extended creative class metrics at two different scales. The findings for 288 Canadian regions suggest that the geographic distribution of the creative capital is uneven and heavily clustered in major urban centers. However, some frontier regions appear to perform exceptionally well in all rankings. The in-depth analysis of 34 communities in the Canadian North identifies creative clusters in economically, geographically and politically privileged communities that serve as creative ‘hot spots.’ Thus, contrary to the metropolitan bias, these results indicate that northern communities are not ‘hopeless places’ fully deprived of the creative capital. Creative ‘hot spots’ in the Canadian North exist, and could become the centers of regional reinvention, if appropriate policies are introduced in support.

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Featured Member

Kristen_GormanSimon Fraser University, Canada

Kristen Gorman is a PhD candidate in the Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University. Kristen has conducted ecological research since 1994, primarily focusing on birds. Her field experience ranges from the forests of tropical Australia, New England and the Rocky Mountains, to coastal-marine systems of the Pacific Northwest including Alaska, and the western Antarctic Peninsula. She is especially interested in global change biology, high latitude ecosystems, evolutionary ecology and physiology. Her MSc research involved extensive fieldwork at a US Geological Survey field camp located on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, western Alaska, which resulted in 4 scientific publications on the reproductive energetics of female greater scaup.

Kristen’s dissertation, in collaboration with the Palmer Station, Antarctica, Long-Term Ecological Research Program, US National Science Foundation, is examining nutritional and physiological correlates of variation in breeding performance by three closely related species of penguin (genus Pygoscelis) demonstrating pole-ward shifts in breeding bio-geographic range in response to regional climate warming throughout the Scotia Arc and Antarctic Peninsula. She also is developing a population genetics component to her dissertation that will use microsatellite genetic markers to provide a quantitative understanding of the relative importance of demographic parameters (fitness versus dispersal) in driving observed shifts in Pygoscelis breeding range.

Kristen has deployed on 8 expeditions to the Antarctic since 2005, and has published 10 scientific manuscripts on the nutritional ecology, evolutionary physiology, and life histories of birds. She has won research and scholarship awards through the American Ornithologists’ Union, Explorers Club, American Museum of Natural History, Anne Vallée Ecological Fund, Antarctic Science Ltd, and Simon Fraser University. She has served as a peer-reviewer for scientific journals such as Journal of Avian Biology, Marine Ecology-Progress Series, Biology Letters, Waterbirds, and the Journal of Animal Ecology. Kristen is the current graduate student representative to the US LTER network for her Antarctic research group and was co-organizer of the seminar series, Les Ecologistes, at Simon Fraser University (2010/11). She is a passionate trail runner, rock climber, backcountry skier, and surfer. These outdoor pursuits have been key in her continued experiential learning and in leading a balanced life style. She also is particularly fond of her dog, Yugi.

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