APECS is an international and interdisciplinary organization for undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, early faculty members, educators and others with interests in Polar Regions and the wider cryosphere. Our aims are to stimulate interdisciplinary and international research collaborations, and develop effective future leaders in polar research, education and outreach. We seek to achieve these aims by:
- Facilitating international and interdisciplinary networking to share ideas and experiences and to develop new research directions and collaborations;
- Providing opportunities for professional career development; and
- Promoting education and outreach as an integral component of polar research and to stimulate future generations of polar researchers.
CAA - Canadian Avalanche Association
The Canadian Avalanche Association is a not-for-profit, non-government organization that serves and supports the diverse community of professional avalanche operations in Canada.
CAA - Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration
Affiliated to State Oceanic Administration, People's Republic of China. Its function is to organize, coordinate and manage Chinese polar exploration. Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration (CAA), which is affiliated to the State Oceanic Administration (SOA) of China, responsible for the organization of Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Scientific Program, as well as logistic support to the Antarctic expedition. Within the principles and framework of Antarctic Treaty System, supported by the two year-round base in Antarctica, namely the Great Wall station and Zhongshan station, and with addition of R/V Xuelong as a platform, CAA has been actively implementing its scientific research scheme in Antarctica and Southern Ocean. The China Arctic Yellow River station was found in 2004 in Ny-Alesund, which provides China more opportunity to increase its scientific research scope in Arctic. China also organized its two Arctic scientific cruise by R/V Xuelong in 1999 and 2003 in the area of Bering Sea, Chukchi sea. So far, 23 Antarctic expeditions and 3 Arctic scientific team have been organized. China is making its contributions to the scientific research and peaceful use both in Antarctica and Arctic.
CAA - Circumpolar Agricultural Association
The Circumpolar Agricultural Association is a non-governmental organization concerned with northern agricultural science, practices and policies. It was founded in 1995 in Tromsø, Norway on the ideas set out at the 1st Circumpolar Agricultural Conference (CAC) which was held in Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada in 1992. On this website, you will find information about the Circumpolar Agricultural Association and the coming CAC.
CAASM - Catalogue for Australian Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Metadata
A directory of datasets pertaining to the Antarctic, including cryospheric, atmospheric, and hydrological data. A division of the Australian Antarctic Data Centre.
CAC - Canadian Avalanche Centre
The Canadian Avalanche Centre (CAC) is a non-government, not for profit organization dedicated to public avalanche safety. The CAC came into existence in 2004 with the support and collaboration of federal, provincial and private sector agencies involved in avalanche safety.
CADIC-CONICET - Centro Austral de Investigaciones Cientificas - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
To promote, support and implement scientific work in the field of science dealing with the nature, properties, and phenomena in Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and adjacent regions, which by their peculiar locations are unique sites of scientific interest.
CADIS - Cooperative Arctic Data and Information Service
The Cooperative Arctic Data and Information Service (CADIS) supports the Arctic Observing Network (AON). It will be a portal for data discovery, and provide near-real-time data delivery, a repository for data storage, and tools to manipulate data
CAF - Canadian Avalanche Foundation
The Canadian Avalanche Foundation / Fondation Canadienne des Avalanches is a federally registered charity formed to provide a tax-deductible fundraising mechanism for the support of public avalanche safety initiatives.
CAFF - Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna
CAFF's mandate is to address the conservation of Arctic biodiversity, and communicate the findings to the governments and residents of the Arctic, helping to promote practices which ensure sustainability of the Arctic's living resources. The conservation of biodiversity is a necessary condition for sustainable development. Arctic biodiversity is experiencing stress from a number of factors such as climate change and rapid economic growth in the Arctic region, as well as the loss of wintering habitats for those species migrating outside the Arctic region. CAFF Secretariat is located in Akureyri, Iceland. CAFF Chairmanship is currently held by Iceland.
CALM - Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring
The primary goal of the Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring (CALM) program is to observe the response of the active layer and near-surface permafrost to climate change over long (multi-decadal) time scales. The CALM observational network, established in the 1990s, observes the long-term response of the active layer and near-surface permafrost to changes and variations in climate at more than 125 sites in both hemispheres. CALM currently has participants from 15 countries.
CAM - Centre for Arctic Environmental Medicine
**website available in
The aim of the Centre is to provide the framework for and to strengthen research within the field of Arctic environmental medicine, to undertake and strengthen the collaboration between the research institutes and organisations national and international, to coordinate research on Arctic environmental medicine, to coordinate collaborative programmes within the fields of environmental and health research in the Arctic.
CAML - Census of Antarctic Marine Life
CAML will investigate the distribution and abundance of Antarctica's vast marine biodiversity to develop a benchmark for the benefit of humankind.
CANQUA - Canadian Quaternary Association
The Canadian Quaternary Association is a group devoted to the study of the Quaternary period, the last 2 million years of Earth's history. This inter-disciplinary group includes geographers, geologists, archaeologists, botanists, biologists and many more. CANQUA was founded in 1975, and membership is open to all interested in Canadian Quaternary studies.
CAPE - Circumpolar Arctic Paleo-Environments
CAPE is proposed as an organization within IGBP-PAGES to provide the vehicle through which international and national Arctic paleo-programs can be linked. The primary emphasis of CAPE is to facilitate scientific integration of paleoenvironmental research on terrestrial environments and adjacent margins covering the last 250,000 years of Earth history, particularly those tasks that cannot easily be achieved by individual investigators or even regionally focused research teams. Circumpolar syntheses of environmental reconstructions for specific time slices or key time series will be accomplished through focused international meetings that are intended to bring together the primary data and modeling communities.
CAPP - Carbon Pools in Permafrost Regions
The International Permafrost Association 'Carbon Pools in Permafrost Regions' project (in short, the IPA CAPE project) aims at quantifying below-ground organic matter quantity and quality along ecoclimatic and edaphic gradients in high latitude and high altitude regions characterized by the presence of isolated to continuous permafrost. The CAPE project will coordinate its activities with other international programs and develop a network of scientists engaged in this type of research. A first step is to update the existing database on Carbon in Cryosols with additional data, also from non-permafrost sites in permafrost regions.
CAPS - Circumpolar Active-Layer Permafrost System
The Circumpolar Active-Layer Permafrost System Version 2.0 (CAPS 2) is an update to CAPS Version 1.0, and is the second five-year compilation of permafrost and frozen ground-related data and information products with a global perspective. CAPS 2 was compiled by the International Permafrost Association's (IPA) Standing Committee on Data, Information, and Communication (SCDIC) and the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), and was published online and on CD-ROM in 2003. CAPS is a major component of the IPA's Global Geocryological Data (GGD) system, an internationally distributed system of linked data centers or nodes. NSIDC and the International Arctic Research Center (IARC) developed the Frozen Ground Data Center (FGDC) as a central node in the GGD system. The CAPS 2 CD-ROM is intended to be a snapshot of FGDC data and metadata holdings as of spring 2003.
CARC - Canadian Arctic Resources Committee
CARC is a citizens' organization dedicated to the long-term environmental and social well being of northern Canada and its peoples. We believe in sustainable development and the application of the precautionary principle. Our policy and advocacy work is grounded in solid scientific and socio-economic research and experience.
CAREERI - Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute
**website available in
Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Abbreviated as CAREERI, CAS) is a newly re-organized institute in June 1999 from former three institutes of Chinese Academy of Sciences in Lanzhou, the Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, the Institute of Desert Research and Institute of Plateau Atmospheric Physics. The new institute aims at disciplinary integration and scientific synthesis, based on retaining the unique and distinguished present disciplines. Now there are 200 full-time employees, with 55 titled as professors, in the new institute.
CARMA - Circum-Arctic Rangifer Monitoring and Assessment Network
CARMA is a network of researchers, managers and community people who share information on the status of the world's wild Rangifer (reindeer and caribou) populations, and how they are affected by global changes, such as climate change and industrial development.
CASES - Canadian Arctic Shelf Exchange Study
The extent and thickness of Arctic sea ice vary considerably from year to year and over decadal time scales. Assessing the effects of present variability in sea ice cover on Arctic marine ecosystems and regional climate requires a substantial improvement in our understanding of the links between freshwater and sea ice, sea ice and climate, and sea ice and biogeochemical fluxes. The need for data is particularly strong for the shallow coastal shelf regions (30% of the Arctic basin) where variability in the extent, thickness and duration of sea ice is most pronounced and where Arctic marine food webs are most vulnerable to change. Toward that goal, the CASES Research Network was funded in March 2001 by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) to conduct the Canadian Arctic Shelf Exchange Study (CASES), an international effort under Canadian leadership to understand the biogeochemical and ecological consequences of sea ice variability and change on the Mackenzie Shelf.
CASP - Cambridge Arctic Shelf Programme
CASP is a not-for-profit charitable trust carrying out field, literature and analysis-based geological research in prospective hydrocarbon basins. Funding comes entirely from subscriptions by the oil and gas industry. Subscribers to CASP projects receive regular confidential reports and updates. The results of research are published in internationally renowned scientific journals after a suitable delay.
CAVM - Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Mapping Project
The Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (CAVM) project is an international effort to map the vegetation and associated characteristics of the circumpolar region, using a common base map. The base map is a false color infrared image created from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) satellite data. The Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (CAVM) shows the types of vegetation that occur across the Arctic, between the ice-covered Arctic Ocean to the north and the northern limit of forests to the south.
CCAMLR - Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources came into force in 1982, as part of the Antarctic Treaty System, in pursuance of the provisions of Article IX of the Treaty. It was established mainly in response to concerns that an increase in krill catches in the Southern Ocean could have a serious effect on populations of krill and other marine life; particularly on birds, seals and fish, which mainly depend on krill for food.
CCI - Canadian Circumpolar Institute
The Canadian Circumpolar Institute (CCI) promotes and supports research, education and training related to the boreal and circumpolar regions (Arctic and Antarctica). The core activities of the CCI relate to its role as a service provider to faculties and units across campus by facilitating, developing and supporting interdisciplinary circumpolar research and education programs, as well as community engagement. It aligns its programs to support faculty- and department-based initiatives in northern research and scholarship.
CCI - Climate Change Institute
The Climate Change Institute is an interdisciplinary research unit organized to conduct research and graduate education focused on variability of Earth's climate, ecosystems, and other environmental systems and on the interaction between humans and the natural world.
C-CIARN - Canadian Climate Impact and Adaptation Research Network
The Canadian Climate Impacts and Adaptation Research Network (C-CIARN) was established by Natural Resources Canada in 2001 with the mandate of promoting and encouraging research on climate change impacts and adaptation, as well as promoting interaction between researchers and stakeholders. The many products of C-CIARN, such as workshop and conference reports, posters and other communication products, remain accessible to the public through this website, as well as, in a number of cases, through the website of organizations that hosted a C-CIARN office and that continue to carry out impacts and adaptation work.
CCIN - Canadian Cryospheric Information Network
The Canadian Cryospheric Information Network (CCIN) has been developed through a collaborative partnership between the Federal Government (Canadian Space Agency, Meteorological Service of Canada, Natural Resources Canada), Dr. Ellsworth LeDrew at the University of Waterloo and the private sector (Noetix Research Inc.) over the past decade to provide the data and information management infrastructure for the Canadian cryospheric community. The main objective of the CCIN is to enhance awareness and access to Canadian cryospheric information and related data.
CCIS - Chinese Cryospheric Information System
The Chinese Cryospheric Information System (CCIS) is an integrated Geographic Information System for storing, managing and analyzing the cryospheric data within China.
CCRS - Canadian Centre for Remote Sensing
The Canada Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS), Natural Resources Canada is the Government of Canada's centre of excellence for remote sensing and geodesy. In partnership with many government stakeholders, through strong links to academia and private sector, and via international collaborations, CCRS ensures that satellite data works to serve the needs of Canadians.
CDA - Centro Nacional de Datos Antárticos (Antarctic Data Center)
The commitment of the Antarctic Data Centre is to update the information included in due course, in addition to including information about new projects and research. The format for the inclusion of metadata, with detailed descriptions, enables users to locate using several different ways of searching (institution, subject, keyword, resources, location, researchers, coordinates, etc).
CEN - Center for the Study of Snow
Météo France, Service météorologique national français, dispose, pour mener ses recherches sur la neige et les avalanches, d'un Centre d'études de la neige (CEN), situé à Grenoble. Ce centre fait partie du Centre national de recherches météorologiques (CNRM) spécialisé dans les études et recherches sur la neige et les avalanches. Le CNRM assure l'essentiel des activités de recherche, et coordonne l'ensemble des actions de recherche/développement conduites au sein de Météo France. Ces actions de recherche et de développement sont orientées en priorité par les besoins du service public en matière de météorologie : prévision météorologique, physique et dynamique de l'atmosphère, connaissance du climat, interactions entre l'homme, le climat et l'atmosphère.
CEON - Circumarctic Environmental Observatories Network
Circumarctic Environmental Observatories Network (CEON) is a network of terrestrial and freshwater observation platforms, science experts and network partners promoting the collection and dissemination of environmental data from the Arctic. CEON observation platforms include land and freshwater observatories, research infrastructures, former research sites where retrospective analyses are being or can be undertaken, data and image archive centers and community monitoring programs.
CEOP - Coordinated Energy and Water Cycle Observations Project
‘CEOP' was part of the initial GHP strategy to help coordinate the diverse GEWEX CSE activities to understand and model the influence of continental hydroclimate processes on the predictability of global atmospheric circulation and changes in water resources. As a contribution to ‘CEOP', the CSEs identified high-quality in situ measurements at several global locations that would be able to provide coordinated global measurements during the period 2001-2004.
CEOS - Committee on Earth Observation Satellites
Established in 1984, the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) coordinates civil space-borne observations of the Earth. Participating agencies strive to enhance international coordination and data exchange and to optimize societal benefit. Currently 28 space agencies along with 20 other national and international organizations participate in CEOS planning and activities.
CERI - Civil Engineering Research Institute for Cold Regions
As of April 1st,2006, the institute started anew as Civil Engineering Research Institute for Cold Regions through the integration with Public Works Research Institute. The new Institute will continue fulfilling the task of supporting the development of Hokkaido through investigation, examination, research and development of civil engineering technologies as well as dissemination of research result to cold regions and other areas.
C-FER Technologies - Centre for Frontier Engineering Research Technologies
C-FER, originally the Centre for Frontier Engineering Research, incorporated on November 7, 1983 and opened its doors for business on April 1st, 1984 with a mandate to attack problems related to material, fabrication, design, regulations, transportation and construction of structures required for arctic and offshore development in Canada. To provide innovative solutions and unique engineering, testing, and applied research services.
CGI - Comitato Glaciologico Italiano (Italian Glaciologial Committee)
Since 1895 work in Italy the Italian Glaciological Committee (CGI), with the aim to promote and coordinate research in the field of glaciology. Born as a commission for the study of Italian glaciers in the Italian Alpine Club, the CGI becomes an autonomous body since 1915, with support from the National Research Council and other agencies and organizations interested in glaciological research.
CHAIN - Chilean Antarctic Information Network
The Chilean Antarctic Information Network (CHAIN) is a compilation of services which seeks to fill the need for polar logistical support. It is a network of information and opportunity, oriented towards Antarctic operators that require goods and services, using the city of Punta Arenas, Chile, as an operations base.
CHS - Canadian Hydrographic Service
CHS's exceptional nautical charts and navigational products help ensure the safe navigation of Canada's waterways. Our charts are the ‘road maps' that guide mariners safely from port to port. With increasing commercial shipping, fishing activity, recreational boating, and the development of ocean resources, the role of CHS is more vital than ever.
C-ICE - Collaborative Interdisciplinary Cryospheric Experiment
Project Categories: Atmospheric; Biological studies; Climate change study; Data handling; Food web study; Mapping/GIS; Marine; Modelling; Monitoring; Research.
Objectives/Summary: The Collaborative Interdisciplinary Cryospheric Experiment (C-ICE) is a multi-year field experiment that incorporates many individual projects, each with autonomous goals and objectives. The science conducted has directly evolved from research relating to one of four general themes: i. sea ice energy balance; ii. numerical modeling of atmospheric processes; iii. remote sensing of snow covered sea ice; and iv. ecosystem studies. The above link will provide access to C-ICE articles published in peer-reviewed journals.
CICERO - Center for International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo
The Norwegian government established CICERO (the Center for International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo) by royal decree in 1990. CICERO is an independent research center associated with the University of Oslo. CICERO conducts research on and provides information and expert advice about national and international issues related to climate change and climate policy.
CIFAR - Cooperative Institute for Alaska Research
The Cooperative Institute for Alaska Research (CIFAR) was established in 1994 at the University of Alaska. CIFAR fosters collaboration between NOAA, the University of Alaska, and several other U.S. universities working in the Western Arctic. CIFAR collaborates with NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Arctic Research Office, Ocean Exploration Program, NMFS, and the National Weather Service. CIFAR is also a major partner in the annual Global Change Student Research Grant Competition, conducted by the Center for Global Change (CGC) at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.
CIG - Climatic Impacts Group
The Climate Impacts Group (CIG) is an interdisciplinary research group studying the impacts of natural climate variability and global climate change ("global warming") on the U.S. Pacific Northwest (PNW). Through research and interaction with regional stakeholders, the CIG works to increase the resilience of the Pacific Northwest to fluctuations in climate. The CIG's research focuses on four key sectors of the PNW environment: water resources, aquatic ecosystems, forests, and coasts.
CIRES - Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences
CIRES researchers explore all aspects of the earth system and search for ways to better understand how natural and human-made disturbances impact our dynamic planet. Our focus on innovation and collaboration has made us a world leader in interdisciplinary research and teaching. We're committed to communicating our research in ways that help inform decision-makers and the public about how we can best ensure a sustainable future environment.
CIS - Canadian Ice Services
The Canadian Ice Service (CIS), a branch of the Meteorological Service of Canada (MSC), is the leading authority for information about ice in Canada's navigable waters.
CISA - Canadian Ice Services Archive
As home of the Canadian Ice Service Archive (CISA), we manage a vast collection of historical ice data that is updated daily. We draw upon this data to meet the specific needs of our clients.
CliC - Climate and Cryosphere
The CliC Project was established in March 2000 by the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) to stimulate, support, and coordinate research into the processes by which the cryosphere interacts with the rest of the climate system. The cryosphere consists of the frozen portions of the globe, and includes ice sheets, glaciers, ice caps, icebergs, sea ice, snow cover and snowfall, permafrost and seasonally frozen ground, as well as lake- and river-ice. As a sensitive component of the climate system, the cryosphere may provide key indicators of climate change, and CliC will focus on identifying patterns and rates of change in cryospheric parameters.
CLIVAR - Climate Variability and Predictability
http://www.usclivar.org/ (US CLIVAR webpage)
CLIVAR is the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) project that addresses Climate Variability and Predictability, with a particular focus on the role of ocean-atmosphere interactions in climate. It works closely with its companion WCRP projects on issues such as the role of the land surface, snow and ice and the role of stratospheric processes in climate.
CMA - Chinese Meteorological Administration
The China Meteorological Administration (CMA) has been a public service agency, which is directly affiliated to the State Council of the People's Republic of China. At the time of its establishment in December 1949, it was the Central Military Commission Meteorological Bureau - the predecessor of CMA. Since 1994 when CMA was transformed from a subordinate governmental body into one of the public service agencies under the State Council, with the authorization by the State Council, CMA has been responsible for organizational and operational management of the national meteorological services as a whole. Under CMA's unified directives, all meteorological establishments within CMA framework follow the administrative system of hierarchical management and the dual leaderships performed by both CMA and local governments with the former as the core.
CMIP - Coupled Model Intercomparison Project
Under the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) the Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM) established the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) as a standard experimental protocol for studying the output of coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation models (AOGCMs). CMIP provides a community-based infrastructure in support of climate model diagnosis, validation, intercomparison, documentation and data access.
CMOS - Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
The Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society (CMOS) is the national society of individuals and organisations dedicated to advancing atmospheric and oceanic sciences and related environmental disciplines in Canada. The Society's aim is to promote meteorology and oceanography in Canada, and it is a major non-governmental organisation serving the interests of meteorologists, climatologists, oceanographers, limnologists, hydrologists and cryospheric scientists in Canada. CMOS was officially created in 1967 as the Canadian Meteorological Society and adopted its present name in 1977, following an invitation by the Canadian Meteorological Society to the oceanographic community in Canada to join the Society. However, CMOS has a rich history dating back to 1939 when it was known as the Canadian Branch of the Royal Meteorological Society.
CNDP - Centro Nacional de Datos Polares (National Polar Antarctic Data Centre of Spain)
The National Polar Antarctic Data Centre (CNDP) includes the Spanish Polar Archive and was established due to a Spanish Polar Committee initiative that Technical Secretary coordinates all the activities corresponding to the National Antarctic Authority. The NPDC is located in the Spanish Geological Survey (IGME). Among its tasks are the metadata administration obtained from the Spanish research in the polar field and the data storage, management and spreading of the documental funds, all of this under the Spanish Polar Committee supervision.
CNFRA - Comite National Francais des Recherches Artiques et Antarctiques (French National Committee on Arctic and Antarctic Research)
CNFRA promote studies and the French scientific research in the Arctic, sub-Arctic, Antarctic and sub-Antarctic.
CNRM - National Center for Meteorological Research
Meteo France, French National Meteorological Service, provides for their research on snow and avalanches, a Centre for the Study of Snow (CEN), located in Grenoble. This center is part of the National Center for Meteorological Research (CNRM) specializes in studies and research on snow and avalanches. CNRM provides the bulk of research activities, and coordinates all activities of research and development conducted within the Météo France. These research activities and development are directed primarily by the needs of public service in meteorology: weather forecasting, physical and atmospheric dynamics, knowledge of climate, interactions between humans, climate and atmosphere.
COLDTECH - Cold Region Technology Center
The COLDTECH Foundation was formed in 1986. From 1996 COLDTECH is an integrated part of Luleå University of Technology. The aim of COLDTECH is to support research and development within the field of cold climate technology. Luleå University of Technology has always been focusing on research and development in cold climate engineering. The theme is quite natural due to the geographical location of the university. Research is carried out within a broad area of technology, in connection with the specific demands imposed by the climate. Presently, more than 70 persons at the University are involved in research projects concerning cold climate technology.
COMNAP - Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs
Created in 1988, it is the international association that brings together National Antarctic Programs from around the world to develop and promote best practice in managing the support of scientific research in Antarctica. COMNAP currently brings together the National Antarctic Programs of 29 countries from Europe, the Americas, Asia, Africa and Australasia.
CoNaPA - Comitê Nacional de Pesquisas Antárticas (Brazilian National Committee on Antarctic Research)
This committee is responsible for promoting the liaison between the Brazilian Antarctic Programme and international Antarctic research, co-ordinated by SCAR, and for following the activities and achievements of the research undertaken by other national Antarctic programmes. CoNaPA is also an advisory body to other Brazilian organizations in the Brazilian Antarctic System. The committee is under the administration of the Ministry of Science and Technology of Brazil.
CPC - Canadian Polar Commission
Established in 1991 as the lead agency in the area of polar research, the Canadian Polar Commission has responsibility for: monitoring, promoting, and disseminating knowledge of the polar regions; contributing to public awareness of the importance of polar science to Canada; enhancing Canada's international profile as a circumpolar nation; and recommending polar science policy direction to government.
CPOM - Centre for Polar Observation and Modelling
The Centre for Polar Observation and Modelling (CPOM) is a research centre that studies processes in the Earth's polar latitudes that may affect the Earth's albedo, polar atmosphere and ocean circulation, and global sea level. We use theoretical and laboratory-derived understanding to form new mesoscale models of interactions between the ice, ocean and atmosphere, and use ground and satellite observations to test the predictions of these and other climate models. CPOM is funded by the Natural Environment Research Council and is part of the National Centre for Earth Observation. It has research groups in the Department of Earth Sciences at University College London, at the Bristol Glaciology Centre at the University of Bristol and in the School of Earth and Environment at the University of Leeds.
CReSIS - Centre for Remote Sensing in Ice Sheets
The Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS) is a Science and Technology Center established by the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 2005, with the mission of developing new technologies and computer models to measure and predict the response of sea level change to the mass balance of ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica.
CRRC - Cold Regions Research Centre
The Goals & Mandate of the CRRC are: to facilitate interdisciplinary research and teaching about cold regions; to facilitate academic and field training of students in a range of cold regions disciplines and locations; to provide a locus for interaction among faculty and between faculty and students interested in cold regions research and problems; to encourage cooperation and links with other cold regions research and training centres and organizations.
CRREL - Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory
Our mission is to solve interdisciplinary, strategically important problems of the US Army Corps of Engineers, Army, DOD, and the Nation by advancing and applying science and engineering to complex environments, materials, and processes in all seasons and climates, with unique core competencies related to the Earth's cold regions.
CRU - Climate Research Unit
The Climatic Research Unit is widely recognized as one of the world's leading institutions concerned with the study of natural and anthropogenic climate change. The Climatic Research Unit is part of the School of Environmental Sciences with close links to other research groups within the department such as the Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment. The Unit undertakes collaborative research with institutes throughout the world on a diverse range of topics and is coordinating or contributing to a number of networking activities.
European Space Agency's (ESA) Earth Explorer CryoSat mission, launched on 8 April 2010, is dedicated to precise monitoring of the changes in the thickness of marine ice floating in the polar oceans and variations in the thickness of the vast ice sheets that overlie Greenland and Antarctica. CryoSat has been developed to measure thickness change not only in sea ice but also in the ice sheets on land. In particular, CryoSat carries sophisticated technologies to measure precisely changes at the margins of these ice sheets, where other satellite altimeter technology is currently limited. By accurately measuring thickness change in both types of ice, CryoSat will provide clear information to build a more detailed picture of exactly how Earth's ice is behaving.
CRYSYS - Cryosphere System in Canada
CRYSYS is a collaborative research project to develop capabilities for monitoring and understanding regional and large scale variations in cryospheric variables of importance to Canada (e.g. snow, sea ice, permafrost, glaciers), and to improve understanding of the role of the cryosphere in the climate system.
CSA - Canadian Space Agency
CSA is the Canadian government space agency responsible for Canada's space program. It was established in March 1989 by the Canadian Space Agency Act and sanctioned in December 1990. The Chief Executive Officer of the agency is the President who reports to the Minister of Industry. The headquarters of the CSA is located at John H. Chapman Space Centre in Saint-Hubert, Quebec. The agency also has offices in Ottawa, Ontario at the David Florida Laboratory (which is mainly an engineering installation) and small liaison offices in Washington, D.C.; Paris, France; Cape Canaveral, Florida; and Houston, Texas.
CSS - The Captain Scott Society
The Captain Scott Society was established in Cardiff, UK, to commemorate the association of the City with Scott's Last Expedition and to encourage the Spirit of Adventure that he inspired.
CUA - Circumpolar Universities Association
The Circumpolar Universities Association is an organ for cooperation between universities and other institutes of higher learning and research in the northern circumpolar region. The aim of the CUA is to encourage cooperation and promote higher learning and research in northern areas. CUA is an organ for co-operation between universities and other institutes of higher learning and research in the North. The Association's role is to represent the interests of higher education in the circumpolar North to governments and non-governmental organisations.
CWG - Cryosol Working Group
The Cryosol Working Group (CWG) is very active team of polar soil scientists from Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Russia and USA. Besides classification and databases, CWG is also focused on the role of cryogenesis in the soil formation, the ecological problems relevant to northern soils and the consequences of the global climate change for polar soils.