APECS is an international and interdisciplinary organization for undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, early faculty members, educators and others with interests in Polar Regions and the wider cryosphere. Our aims are to stimulate interdisciplinary and international research collaborations, and develop effective future leaders in polar research, education and outreach. We seek to achieve these aims by:
- Facilitating international and interdisciplinary networking to share ideas and experiences and to develop new research directions and collaborations;
- Providing opportunities for professional career development; and
- Promoting education and outreach as an integral component of polar research and to stimulate future generations of polar researchers.
GA - Gateway Antarctica
Gateway Antarctica (GA) is the centre for Antarctic studies and research at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand. GA plays a leading role in the quest for knowledge in a diverse range of national and international Antarctic research projects. This includes areas such as engineering in extreme environments, Antarctica as driver of (and responder to) climate change, connections between Antarctica and New Zealand, and human influences in and on Antarctica.
GAIM - Global Analysis, Integration and Modelling Task Force
The Global Analysis, Integration and Modelling Task Force (GAIM) is a component of the International Geosphere Biosphere Program (IGBP) of the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU). The GAIM Task Force Office is located in the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space at the University of New Hampshire. The goal of GAIM is to advance the study of the coupled dynamics of the Earth system, using as tools both data and models. GAIM emphasizes activities designed to expand upon the development, testing, and analysis of integrative data sets and models of those aspects of the Earth system where IGBP has the scientific lead. The Task Force must analyze current models and data, assess the capability of current models and experimental programs to resolve key questions, and advance and synthesize our understanding of the global biogeochemical cycles and their links to the hydrologic cycle and to the physical-climate system as a whole. This is done both for natural systems and variability as well as in the context of anthropogenic perturbations.
GCDIS - Global Change Data and Information System
The Global Change Data and Information System (GCDIS) is the set of individual agency data and information systems that support global change research supplemented by a minimal amount of crosscutting new infrastructure, and made interoperable by the use of standards, common approaches, technology sharing, and data policy coordination. The GCDIS user community extends from global change researchers to other researchers, policy makers, educators, private industry, and private citizens. Through the GCDIS, these users are able to learn about the existence and location of relevant data and information resources, have key holding available in useful forms, and be assured of their quality and continued availability.
GCRIO - Global Change Research Information Office
The US Global Change Research Information Office (GCRIO) provides access to data and information on climate change research, adaptation/mitigation strategies and technologies, and global change-related educational resources on behalf of the various US Federal Agencies that are involved in the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP).
GDC - Gwich'in Development Corporation
The Gwich'in Development Corporation (GDC) focuses on increasing revenues through local development activities occurring within the Gwich'in Settlement Region of the Yukon and Northwest Territories. The GDC also works to ensure beneficiaries of the Gwich'in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement are involved in training, employment and business opportunities created from these activities. Our strong and successful joint venture partnerships are the key to fulfilling these goals.
GEUS - De Nationale Geologiske Undersøgelser for Danmark og Grønland (Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland)
GEUS is an independent sector research institute under the Ministry of the Environment. It is an advisory, research and survey institute in hydrogeology, geophysics, geochemistry, stratigraphy, glaciology, ore geology, marine geology, mineralogy, climatology, environmental history, air photo interpretration, and geothermic energy fields in Denmark and Greenland. GEUS works in close corporation with the Geologisk Institut and Geologisk Museum, both part of University of Copenhagen.
GFZ - German Research Centre for Geosciences
The object of research at the GFZ is the Earth System - our planet, on which we live. We study the history of the Earth and its characteristics, as well as the processes which occur on its surface and within is interior. We also investigate the many interactions which exist between the various parts of the system - the geosphere, the hydrosphere, the atmosphere and finally the biosphere. The GFZ, which currently has 1000 employees including 350 scientists and 100 doctoral candidates, is the national research centre for Earth Sciences in Germany. With an annual budget of 76 million Euros, our staff works in all the disciplines of the Earth sciences from geodesy to reengineering, as well as in the associated natural sciences and engineering topics.
Northeastern Illinois University Earth Science undergraduate students contributed definitions to this class project, a glossary of terms relating to glaciers, in Spring 2000. As in any group project, quality varies.
The Glacier Society is a non-profit Educational Foundation dedicated to the restoration and operation of the USS/USCGC Glacier in honor of all who served in the exploration of the North and South Poles. In addition to her record-breaking 39 Arctic and Antarctic deployments, she is one of only a few United States ships to serve under the colors of both the US Navy and the US Coast Guard. Once Glacier has been restored, she will be the ideal scientific /oceanographic platform on which to conduct various levels of environmental research. She will be involved with today's major polar research centers, studying oceanographic diversity and biological samples from polar waters.
GLACIODYN - The Dynamic Response of Arctic Glaciers to Global Warming
Global warming will have a large impact on glaciers in the Arctic region. Changes in the extent of glaciers will affect sea level, and may lead to substantial changes in sediment and fresh water supplies to embayments and fjords. Previous attempts to estimate the runoff of all glaciers in the Arctic for a set of climate-change scenarios used a simple approach. Changes in the surface mass balance were calculated without dealing with the fact that glacier geometries will change. Estimations also assumed that the rate of iceberg production at calving fronts would not change. To arrive at more accurate predictions, GLACIODYN aims to study the dynamics of Arctic glaciers and develop new tools to deal with this dynamic response.
GLOBEC - Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics
GLOBEC considered global change in a broad sense, encompassing the gradual processes of climate change and its impacts on marine systems, as well as those shorter-term changes resulting from anthropogenic pressures such as population growth in coastal areas, increased pollution, overfishing, changing fishing practices and changing human use of the seas. Project has now ended and final reports are available.
GOOS - Global Ocean Observing System
GOOS is a permanent global system for observations, modelling and analysis of marine and ocean variables to support operational ocean services worldwide. GOOS provides accurate descriptions of the present state of the oceans, including living resources, continuous forecasts of the future conditions of the sea, and the basis for forecasts of climate change.
Greenland Institute of Natural Resources
The tasks of the Greenland Institute of Natural Resources are as follows: to obtain the scientific basis for a sustainable exploitation of the nature resources in and around Greenland, as well as for protecting the environment and the biological diversity; to provide consulting to the Government of Greenland within the Institute's fields of work, and; to publish the results of its research.
GRID-Arendal - Global Resource Information Database, Arendal
GRID-Arendal is a collaborating centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Our mission is to create environmental knowledge enabling positive change. This is achieved by organizing and transforming available environmental data into credible, science-based information products, delivered through innovative communication tools and capacity-building services targeting relevant stakeholders. We are based in Arendal, Norway and have offices in Ottawa, Canada and Stockholm, Sweden.
GRRB - Gwich'in Renewable Resource Board
The Gwich'in Renewable Resources Board (GRRB) was established under the guidance of the Gwich'in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement to be the main instrument of wildlife, fish and forest management in the Gwich'in Settlement Area, western Canadian Arctic. The GRRB's mission is to conserve and manage renewable resources within the Gwich'in Settlement Area in a sustainable manner to meet the needs of the public today and in the future.
GSA - Geological Society of America
Established in 1888, The Geological Society of America provides access to elements that are essential to the professional growth of earth scientists at all levels of expertise and from all sectors: academic, government, business, and industry. The Geological Society's growing membership unites thousands of earth scientists from every corner of the globe in a common purpose - to study the mysteries of our planet and share scientific findings.
GSCI - Gwich'in Social and Cultural Institute
Founded by the Gwich'in of Canada's Northwest Territories in response to concerns about the erosion of Gwich'in culture and language. The Institute has a mandate to document, preserve and promote the practice of Gwich'in culture, language, traditional knowledge and values. The research programme revolves around the study of place-names and traditional land-use, ethno-botany, ethno-archaeology, genealogy, language and the replication of traditional material culture (e.g. caribou skin clothing from the late 19th C.). The education programme includes an annual Gwich'in Science Camp, a 10-day on-the-land traditional knowledge and western science camp for senior high-school students. GSCI works with the four communities of Aklavik, Fort McPherson, Inuvik, and Tsiigehtchic which fall within the Gwich'in Settlement Area (GSA), established by the land claim agreement.
GTC - Gwich'in Tribal Council
Established in 1992, the Gwich'in Tribal Council (GTC) is an Aboriginal organization that represents Gwich'in Participants in the Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories, and across Canada. The objectives of the GTC are to:
- protect and preserve the rights, interest and benefits of the Gwich'in in reference to their use, ownership and management of lands, waters, and resources in the Gwich'in Settlement Area;
- retain, preserve and enhance the traditional and cultural values, customs and language of the Gwich'in in a changing society;
- develop and promote economic, social, educational and cultural programs that will enable the Gwich'in to become self-sufficient and full participating members in a global society;
- uphold the rights, interest and benefits of the Gwich'in in reference to the Constitution Act, Treaty 11 and the Gwich'in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement; and
- receive, preserve and enhance the capital and the lands and other benefits transferred to the Gwich'in pursuant to the Gwich'in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement signed on April 22, 1992.
GTK - Geologian Tutkimuskeskus (Geological Survey of Finland)
National agency for surveying, mapping, and researching surface deposits, bedrock, and mineral resources of Finland. The GTK library maintains two bibliographic databases: FINGEO, listing publications relating to Finnish geology from 1971 onwards, and RAPGEO, listing unpublished reports held in the archives. GTK also oversees a geological museum.