Prelude: The Past and Present of Polar Science
The Prelude gives the reader an introduction to polar science and the history of the International Polar Year. It provides important background on six polar research themes: Atmosphere, Ice, Ocean, Land, People and Space. The chapter explains why and how we study them, and what further questions are being asked in these research fields to determine the effects of global climate change. This chapter also provides background information for further use in Chapter 1.
Chapter 1: Education: Teaching Polar Science in the Classroom
Chapter 1 contains teaching resources for use in the classroom, lab or during a field trip. An icon indicates whether it is a lab, field or classroom activity. Resources are grouped under the book’s six polar themes. The chapter gives the reader a list of activities under each polar theme to help them find specific resources. Each resource contains background information, a description of the activity, a list of necessary material, estimates of preparation and classroom time, objectives, graphics, and suggestions for extensions. The resources are not laid out for students of a certain age group; teachers and educators can adapt them to particular age levels. Activities include student worksheets and visuals that can also be found on the CD-ROM. The CD-ROM further contains background material on indigenous communities in the circumpolar north and additional web links for each activity.
Chapter 2: Tips and Tricks for Science Presentations
Chapter 2 lists “do’s and don’ts” of successful public engagement for polar scientists. This unit helps readers to understand how presentations should be planned and structured when going into a classroom or a community. The chapter outlines what to expect from certain age groups, how to present inclusively to all audiences, and what the reader should know when presenting to Inuit communities of Nunavut.
Chapter 3: Outreach: Inspiring Ideas and Initiatives from around the World
Chapter 3 provides the reader with an overview of successful education and outreach initiatives in polar science during IPY. It begins with a list of education and outreach categories, which is followed by a one-page overview of school level, university level, and public level initiatives. The rest of the chapter showcases successful initiatives in these three groups. Each project description lists the country, key aspects, keys to success, and the relevant education and outreach category that they fall into.
Chapter 4: IPY and Local Competence Building in the North
Chapter 4, written by Ole Henrik Magga (politician and Sámi linguist), Svein D. Mathiesen (Advisor at the International Centre of Reindeer Husbandry [ICR] and veterinary scientist), Anders Oskal (Director of ICR), and Johan Mathis Turi (Secretary General of the Association of World Reindeer Herders on the Arctic Council) discusses the role of IPY and the impact of climate change on indigenous communities in the circumpolar north. This essay also explains in detail the significance of Traditional Knowledge for polar research.