Association of Polar Early Career Scientists


An abstract is a short and informative outline of your work. It usually includes the following sections

  • 1-4 sentences to introduce your work so that the reader has some context
  • 1-4 sentences describing what you did (research question and methods)
  • 3-6 sentences on your major findings to date; and
  • 1-3 sentences describing what your work means to others.

An abstract tells the reader what they need to know to understand the big picture of your project.

An abstract is not a summary. A summary appears at the end of a piece of work, and is a restatement of the important findings and conclusions.

Abstracts are found at the beginning of journal articles, research papers, reports, theses, and dissertations. Abstracts can also be used to describe a talk or poster presentation at a conference.

Adpated from Dr J. Mark Tippett's "How to Write an Abstract"

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